increase font use small font sizeuse medium font sizeuse large font size

Headwaters Forest Reserve

Once the setting for a thriving mill town of 400 people, the Headwaters Forest Reserve is now inhabited only by wildlife and fish. The 7,472-acre property was purchased by the Department of the Interior in 1999 to conserve and study the land and its inhabitants and to provide access to the public for recreation. Stands of old-growth redwood and Douglas fir are habitat for the threatened marbled murrelet and northern spotted owl, and threatened coho and chinook salmon can be found in the reserve's streams.

The mill town, called Falk for its developer, Noah Falk, slowly died out after the mill closed in 1937, and by 1979 most of the buildings had been razed. Except for some sparsely scattered ornamental plants, such as rose, quince, and lilac, that once adorned the houses, there's virtually nothing visible to remind you that the employees of the Elk River Lumber Company and their families once lived here, although a brochure describing a self-guided "quest" brings this history to life.

The reserve has two trails, Elk River and Salmon Pass, but the latter is open for guided hikes only (May 15-Nov. 15, reservations required) and has no wheelchair access.

Trail/Pathway Details

Elk River Trail

Trailhead: Parking lot at the foot of Elk River Rd.

Length: 1-2 total miles

Typical Width: 4 ft. & above

The self-guided Quest Trail is less than three feet wide.

Typical Grade: Gentle

Terrain: Hard

Driveway to the education center is large-sized gravel and the spur trail is firmly packed dirt and gravel

Obstacles: Approach to the Quest Trail has steep cross-slope but was not a problem in my motorized wheelchair


The trail follows the South Elk River on an old logging road. Only the first mile is paved; after that the surface is packed gravel, and the terrain becomes more difficult. It's evident from the trees' size that the forest has been logged, and while several large stumps offer a glimpse of their potential size, sadly, they also serve as a reminder of the devastation of old-growth forests. Because this is a relatively young forest, dappled sunlight reaches the trail in many places, while plants characteristic of riparian habitat––willows, maple, alder, ferns––fill the empty spaces. Interpretive panels on metal sculptures that resemble tree branches provide insight into the area's history. On my mid-September visit, an abundance of blackberries lined the trail, tempting me to indulge, and birdsong mingled with the occasional barking of dogs nearby. Pennyroyal was also plentiful.

About .5 mile down the mostly level trail (there are a few gentle slopes) is a firmly packed dirt-and-gravel spur trail that meanders through woods that are lush with ferns. At first glance the cross-slope on the approach was discouraging, but my companion handed me a brochure from a nearby wooden box that described a self-guided "quest" through a time when this site was a bustling mill town. I was spurred on, and the cross-slope turned out to be quite manageable in my motorized wheelchair, as did the rest of the trail.

Along this trail you get a first glimpse of the river; in the fall, the flow was barely a trickle. Benches are at a few select viewing spots. I kept looking for numbers to correspond to the clues in the quest brochure and gave up when I couldn't find them. It wasn't until I was back at my van, rereading the brochure, that I realized the numbers related to the next quest and not to numbered signposts.

Back on the main trail, in less than an eighth of a mile you reach the education center. Immediately past the center is the steepest segment, which lasts for several hundred feet. My motorized chair easily climbed this section, and someone with good upper-body strength should have no problem.

Sounds of flowing water became a soft whisper before I could finally see the river from the trail. Less than half a mile from the education center, the pavement ended by an interpretive sign that explains that if you were standing in this spot in the year 1902, you'd be inside the mill. The unpaved trail looked manageable in a motorized chair, but I didn't venture farther because dusk was settling in.

Accessibility Details

The facilities listed below meet all of our access criteria unless otherwise noted.

Visitor Center: Accessible

Accessible Parking: Yes

Paver stones may be problematic for van ramps

Accessible Restroom: Yes

At trailhead and next to education center, about half a mile from trailhead

Accessible Picnic Tables: Yes

One table at trailhead and one just beyond the education center. Both are adjacent to the trail, but the setting by the education center is nicer.
Bird spotting on trail
Bird spotting on trail (Bonnie Lewkowicz)

Features icon key

  • bicycling
  • hiking
  • particularly good for families
  • picnic

Additional Information

View Map  
Managing Agency: Bureau of Land Management
Address: Elk River Rd., Eureka
Nearest City: Eureka
Phone: (707) 825-2300
Hours: Daily, sunrise to sunset
Fees: None
Dogs: In restricted areas
Only allowed the first 3 miles and must be under voice control of the owner at all times, or on leash

Did You Know?

In response to damage, a redwood tree can sprout exact genetic copies of itself.

Reviewed by Bonnie Lewkowicz, September 17, 2012
Access Norhtern California This web guide is a project of Access Northern California.  
California Coastal Conservancy Thanks to our partner the California Coastal Conservancy

DISCLAIMER: Although the information contained in this web-guide was believed to be correct at the time of publication, neither Access Northern California nor California Coastal Conservancy shall be held responsible or liable for any inaccuracies, errors, or omissions, nor for information that changes or becomes outdated. Neither Access Northern California nor California Coastal Conservancy assume any liability for any injury or damage arising out of, or in connection with, any use of this guide or the sites described in it.

Accessible Restrooms Icon looks like a women and men restroom signBeach Accessible
Wheelchairs Available
  Hiking icon is silhouette of a hikerHiking & Trails
Biking icon looks like person riding a bikeBicycling   Good for Familis icon is a child on a swing'Particularly Good for Families
Boating Icon is a boatBoating   Picnic Area Icon is a picnic tablePicnic
Camping icon is a tentCamping   Swimming Icon is a person swimmingSwimming
Fishing Icon is a fish biting a hookFishing   Wildlife Viewing Icon is a pair of binocularsWildlife Viewing